THE last of the roses should be pruned by now.
hybrid roses, do not be afraid to prune fairly hard, even if the
leaves have started to develop on the branches you remove.
idea is to encourage vigorous growth from quite low down on the
plants, as these will be carrying the main flush of flowers.
Take each main stem and look down the outside for a well-formed
bud, about half to two thirds the way down. Cut cleanly just
above this bud. Hygiene is very important. Be sure to clear away
every scrap of rose prunings, leaves, stems and all, composting
them or burning them.
Old-fashioned roses and types that
flower only once should not be pruned now - these flower on last
year's growth and if cut back now, you will lose most of the
Prune them lightly in summer, immediately after
Pests and diseases on roses are unlikely to show up
just yet, but be ready for them. A preventive spray against
black spot, applied as soon as the leaves have begun to emerge,
is not a bad idea.
However careful you are, and however clean
your soil is, weeds will always be a threat unless you have a
strict weed policy. Act now, and potential weed problems will be
nipped in the bud.
Seedling weeds are emerging wherever soil has been
distributed. All you need to do is hoe lightly and they are
gone. In pathways and other areas where there are no plants, a
chemical weed spray is the easiest form of weed control.
Perennial weeds present a bigger challenge. Before their
creeping root stocks have invaded areas, spot treat them with
weed killers such as Glyphosate, several times if necessary.