The Lisburn by-election of February 1863 was called for by the resignation of Jonathan Richardson, who had held the seat as a Conservative, since 1857. Of the two candidates, John Dougherty Barbour (son of Hilden mill owner William Barbour) was a Radical, Edwin Wingfield Verner a Tory. Lisburn itself was a staunchly Tory town. The by-election reached an all-time low in political chicanery and graft. Hilden House, the Barbour family seat, became a virtual prison camp for nine days before the election, as twenty voters were wined, dined, amused and kept in a state of perpetual intoxication, to secure their votes for Barbour. Barbour, in fact, won by six votes but was suspended and unseated in the following June, on charges of coercion and bribery of voters (note the remarks about payment to voters, which John Rea refers to in the Appendix). For information on the by-election, see J. F. Burns, 'Jigging to the fiddle at Hilden. An infamous Lisburn by-election recalled', Lisburn Historical Society Journal, vol. 5, December 1984. An article on Barbour, by the present writer, also appears in the same volume. It is not known from where this list of voters originated. It is thought, however, to have been given to the Society some years ago by J. Millar Allen, a Lisburn solicitor.
John Rea, a Belfast solicitor, whose acerbic and amusing observations are appended to this list of voters, was a well-known character during the second half of the 19th century. Strongly anti-Tory, he spent considerable energy trying to break up the Conservative party in Ulster. Unstable and quarrelsome, he frittered away his ability in local squabbles and ended his life mistrusted by all political parties. He committed suicide on 17 May 1881, at the age of fifty-nine.
LIST OF VOTERS
at the LISBURN ELECTION
Held on 21st February, 1863:
WITH A FEW OBSERVATIONS THEREON
by JOHN REA
EDWARD WINGFIELD VERNER, Esquire - Proposed by Jonathan Richardson Esq., of Glenmore, and seconded by Mr. Redmond Jefferson, of Bow Street.
JOHN DOUGHERTY BARBOUR, Esquire-Proposed by Mr. Hugh McCall, Pawnbroker, and seconded by Mr. James Mussen, Cross Row, Calico-seller.
ELECTORS WHO VOTED FOR MR. BARBOUR
|1||William Chapman||Seymour Street||71||Alex Titterington||Market Square|
|2||Thomas Coon||do.||72||Patrick Woods||do.|
|3||Samuel Kennedy||do.||73||Samuel Wright||do.|
|4||James Kidd||do.||74||George Beattie||do.|
|5||Thomas Killen||do.||75||John Anderson||do.|
|6||James Knox||do.||76||John Bell||do.|
|7||JamesMillen||do.||77||George Carlisle||Piper Hill|
|8||James Turner||do.||78||Samuel Hall||do.|
|9||David Wilson||do.||79||Michael Savage||do.|
|10||Jas. B. Brown, Tailor,||Castle Street||80||Thomas Magee||Smithfield|
|11||W. S. Darkin||do.||81||Edward Savage||do.|
|12||John Doherty||do.||82||James Savage||do.|
|13||James Friars||do.||83||James Crawford||Market Lane|
|14||Dr. J. J. Kelso||do.||84||Robert Miller||do.|
|15||Dr. Samuel Musgrave||do.||85||John Brown||Bow Street|
|16||Mathew McCloy||do.||86||James Cairns||do.|
|17||Robert McConnell||do.||87||John Finlay||do.|
|18||Mathew J. Smyth||do.||88||George Geoghegan||do.|
|19||Dr. Wm. Thompson||do.||89||James A. Green||do.|
|20||James Turtle||do.||90||John K. Green||do.|
|21||George Wilson||do.||91||Rev. John Harkin||do.|
|22||Thos. Breathwaite Tailor,||do.||92||George Robert Hill||do.|
|23||Joseph Bell||Railway St||93||John King||do.|
|24||David Carlisle||do.||94||Timothy Loughlin||do.|
|25||Edward Higginson||do.||95||John Laverty||do.|
|26||James Mussen||do.||96||Thomas Laverty||do.|
|27||Henry Nugent||do.||97||Author Macrtney||do.|
|28||John Stevenson||do.||98||Hugh McCall||do.|
|29||William Williamson||do.||99||Daniel McLernon||do.|
|30||Rev. Mr. Bickerdith||do.||100||Robert Reid||do.|
|31||Arthur Atkinson||Bridge SL||101||James Rice||do.|
|32||Jos. Balmer||do.||102||John Rice||do.|
|33||Peter Convery||do.||103||Clarke Rice||do.|
|34||Robert Cordner||do.||104||J. J. Richardson||do.|
|35||Edward Donaghey||do.||105||Robert Waterhouse||do.|
|36||William Dunwoody||do.||106||George Wilson||do.|
|37||John Fitzpatrick||do.||107||Robert Wilson||do.|
|38||John Heaney||do.||108||William Young||do.|
|39||George Maxwell||do.||109||Samuel Young||do.|
|40||Henry McGann||do.||110||Samuel Bennett||Auto, Lane|
|41||Hugh McCaughey||do.||111||John Brownlee||Hillsborough Rd|
|42||Samuel McConnell||do.||112||William Brownlee||do.|
|43||Joseph McKnight||do.||113||Patrick Mulholland||do.|
|44||Wm. John Reynolds||do.||114||Arthur Ferris||Chapel Hill|
|45||Scott Hamilton||do.||115||Charles Maguire||do.|
|46||William Walsh||do.||116||John Orr||do.|
|47||Peter Walsh||do.||117||William Brady, Sen.||Longstone|
|48||Henry Watson||do.||118||William Brady, Jun.||do.|
|49||Francis Williamson||do.||119||Thomas Donaghan||do.|
|50||Robert Wilson||do.||120||John McDonald||do.|
|51||Michael Woods||do.||121||William Neill||do.|
|52||Wm. John Young||do.||122||John Phillips||do.|
|53||James Boyd||Market Square||123||Robert Barbour||do.|
|54||Dr. John Campbell||do.||124||Rev. Edward Kelly||Lisnagarvey|
|55||William Connelly||do.||125||Thomas Kennedy||do.|
|56||George Duncan||do.||126||Robert Kennedy||do.|
|57||William Remnant,||do.||127||James Barbour||Hilden|
|58||Russel Kennedy||do.||128||William Barbour||do.|
|59||Henry Major||do.||129||Robert Ardill||do.|
|60||Dr. Michael Meharg||do.||130||James Allister||Largymore|
|61||John Miller||do.||131||William Johnston||do.|
|62||Robert Mussen||do.||132||John Long||do.|
|63||David McBlain||do.||133||William John Magee||do.|
|64||Joseph McClure||do.||134||David Brady||Old Warren|
|65||Thomas McCreight||do.||135||Thomas Herrald||Back Lane|
|66||John McIntyre||do.||136||Thomas Dornan||Linen Hall Street|
|67||Lee McKinstry||do.||137||Albert Dawson||Island Mill|
|68||Bryson Pelan||do.||138||Samuel Shaw||Belfast|
|69||James Phillips||do.||138||Alexander Richardson||Lambeg|
|70||Mrs Savage||do.||140||Philip F. Richardson||do.|
ELECTORS WHO VOTED FOR MR. VERNER
|1||Thomas Dornan||Seymour Street||71||William Stevenson||Bow Street|
|2||Rev. H. Hodson||do.||72||George Thompson||do.|
|3||William Newell||do.||73||William Tumblety||do.|
|4||Rev. R. L. Scott||do.||74||Win. John Vaughan||do.|
|5||John Backas||Castle Street||75||William Corry||Antrim Lane|
|6||John Birney||do.||76||Arthur Johnston||do.|
|7||James Bolton||do.||77||James Bannister||Antrim Road|
|8||Moses Bullick||do.||78||James Corken||do.|
|9||James Ward Coulson||do.||79||George Campbell||Hillsborough Rd|
|10||John Cree||do.||80||William Taylor||do.|
|11||Rev. R. A. Devcrs||do.||81||Robert Bell||Chapel Hill|
|12||Edward Johnston||do.||82||John Bell||do.|
|13||Joshua Pim||do.||83||Richard Braithwaite||do.|
|14||Alexander McKinsey||do.||84||William Galloway||do.|
|15||Robert Thompson||do.||85||William Hanna||do.|
|16||Lucas Waring||do.||86||John Hermon||do.|
|17||John Graham||Railway Street||87||William Singleton||do.|
|18||Hugh Kelly||do.||88||William Dempsey||Longstone|
|19||Wm. John Knox||do.||89||James Lappen||do.|
|20||William Stuart||do.||90||James Laverty||do.|
|21||James Allester||Bridge Street||91||Thomas McClusky||do.|
|22||Alexander Downey||do.||92||William McDonald||do.|
|23||Andrew Johnston||do.||93||Samuel Stevenson||do.|
|24||Carl Klinger||do.||94||Robert Blackburn||Knockmore|
|25||George McCullough||do.||95||Joseph Blackburne||do.|
|26||Robert McCully||do.||96||*George Briggs||do.|
|27||James Verner||do.||97||Robert Corbitt||do.|
|28||Robert Willis||do.||98||ames S. Dawson||do.|
|29||Carlisle Wilson||do.||99||John Golden||do.|
|30||Samuel Young||do.||100||Joseph Gordon||do.|
|31||Edward Boomer||Market Square||101||George Hodgin||do.|
|32||William Graham||do.||102||John McBride||do.|
|33||John Kinghan||do.||103||Ralph Orr||do.|
|34||David Mack||do.||104||James Parke||do.|
|35||Matthew Mussen||do.||105||John Pocks||Tonagh|
|36||Adam McClure||do.||106||Thomas Johnston||do.|
|37||George McIlroy||do.||107||Robert Knuckle||do.|
|38||Jacob Bannister||do.||108||Francis Turner||do.|
|39||James Bell||do.||109||Edward Wylie||do.|
|40||George Bell||do.||110||James Doyle||Lisnagarvey|
|41||Henry Bell||Smithfield||111||Patrick Gelson||do.|
|42||Daniel Giant||do.||1212||John Major||do.|
|43||Wm. Henry Lavery||do.||113||William Wilson||do.|
|44||George Wilson||do.||114||David Graham**||Largymore|
|45||William Watson||Market Street||115||William Blackburn||do.|
|46||Thomas McBride||do.||116||Adam Blackburn||do.|
|47||Robert Munce||do.||117||Edward Hogg||Old Warren|
|48||Hugh Kain||do.||118||Robert McCann||do.|
|49||Arthur Gamble||do.||119||Charles Gribben||do.|
|50||John Allester||Bow Street||120||William Conn||Back Lane|
|51||James Allen||do.||121||Thomas McBride||Magheralave|
|52||Gilbert Armstrong||do.||122||William Wilson||do.|
|53||David Beatty||do.||123||John Pennington Sen.||Magheralave Road|
|54||John Belshaw||do.||124||John Pennington Jun.||do.|
|55||John Boomer||do.||125||Rev. Thos. Cosgrave||Lambeg Glebe|
|56||James Clarke||do.||126||Henry John Garrett||Warren Cottage|
|57||Henry Dickey||do.||127||Joseph Hull||James Street|
|58||Alexander Hanna||do.||128||Samuel Johnston||Johnston', Entry|
|59||Wm. John Harvey||do.||129||William Maule||Town View|
|60||Thomas Harvey||do.||130||Jonathan Richardson||Gamma,|
|61||Thomas Jefferson||do.||131||William H. Ward||London|
|62||Redmond Jefferson||do.||132||William Wilson||Ballymacross|
|63||John Jordan||do.||133||William Gregg||Derryvolgie|
|64||John Kain||do.||134||John G. Richardson||Moyallen|
|66||Robert Lynass||do.||* See Appendix|
|69||Thomas R. Pelan||do.|
The following were neutral, and did not vote:
(c. Conservative; L. Liberal; R. Radical)
|1c||Rev. W. Carther||Castle St.||17c||Arthur Gamble||Bow Street|
|2c||John McClure||do.||18c||Rev. James Johnston||do.|
|3c||John Richardson Sen.||do.||19c||Alexander Kerman||do.|
|4c||Very Rev. Dean Stannus||do.||20c||John Ruddy||do.|
|5c||Thomas Stannus||do.||21c||Robert Stewart||do.|
|6c||George Stephenson||do.||22c||Reney Bonner||do.|
|7c||Rev. W. E. Breakey||Railway St.||23c||James Brown||Longstone|
|8c||James Maze||do.||24c||Thomas Fawcett||do.|
|9c||Hugh Seeds||do.||25c||Robert Allister||Largymore|
|10c||James A. Stewart||do.||26c||Hugh Con.||Linenhall St.|
|11c||George Wilson||do.||27c||James McKeown||Millbrmk|
|12c||Wm. Tom,||Bridge St..||28c||John Owden||Brooklands|
|13c||Wm. B,B||do.||29c||Alex. Riddell||Belfast|
|14c||James Halliday||do.||30c||Jonthn. Richardson||Lambeg|
|15c||James Silcock||Market Sq.||31c||John Richardson||do.|
|16c||Wm. Coulson||do.||32c||W. T. Stannus||Manor House|
|1. John Gardiner, Australia||2. Win. H. Reilly, Australia||3. John McKnight, America|
|1||John Brady, Longstone||3||John Hill, Lambeg South.|
|2||Thomas Corry, Chapel Hill*||4||William Richardson, Belfast.|
|For Mr. Barbour||140|
|Total on List||313|
* JOHN BRADY & THOMAS CORRY -The two sons of Brady and Carry were carried off to Hilden, kept there for several days, and then dragged up to the poll, and made to PERSONATE THEIR DEAD FATHERS for Mr. Barbour. But Mr. Vemer's friends being aware of their intention, they were watched and detected, and their disgraceful trick upset, the oath on being put to them being a pill to hard for them to swallow. Corry was forced against his will, and will make Barbour pay smart for the trick.
APPENDIX (VOTED FOR BARBOUR)
10. JAMES B. BROWN (Tailor). - This man of TRUTH and principle KINDLY promised to Mr. Verner's friends to go out of the road and remain neutral, provided he was paid £25 for doing so. This MODEST request was refused. He was then called on by his patron the "Captain" to whom he have his hand and promise that he would NOT VOTE AT ALL for either party. But, in accordance with his well-known disposition for TELLING LIES, he afterwards broke his pledge and voted for Barbour receiving for his vote a promise of support in trade from the Hildenites, and the handsome little sum of £45 in hard cash to buy a tailor's goose, a new dress for the wife and playthings for the children. This HONOURABLE tailor, and his Br. Breathwaite, were most useful in returning the man who paid them best.
19. DR- WM. THOMPSON -Dr. Thompson made the Conservatives of Lisburn a most ungrateful return for supporting his friend Colonel Hogg, by now turning round and voting for Radical Barbour. For shame, Doctor! Shame on you! YOU'RE NO PROTESTANT.
22. THOMAS BREATHWAITE- This other tailor, so dependent on the patronage of Dandy Jim, the Cross row rotten, turn-coat, renegade Orangeman, promised to vote for Verner, stating that his Protestant PRINCIPLES would not let him support a Radical. Verner was expecting his promised vote, but like Brown, his worthy "brother chip", came cantering and prancing into the Square, like a half-made race horse, at the last hour; and having exhibited himself in public competition for a short time he was knocked down to Dandy Jim, the calicoseller, he being the highest bidder, at the moderate price of £100!!! Jim's well-known preconcerted signal being given, the tailor swallowed the bait like a hungry pike, and with the swiftness of an Arab steed he hurried to the booth, with Jim at his back, and plumbed his vote with a vengence for Barbour. Hurra for the principles of gentlemen tailors!!
26. JAMES MUSSEN - Got for his vote and doing their dirty work, the stock of Barbour & Sons, which was valued for the sum of £2,000!!!
34. ROBERT CORDNER - This unprincipled creature, who is better known as "Chitty, the Methodist Hypocrite", promised to vote for Verner, but kept the house till the last hour, when, after having HONESTLY effected a secret sale of his "stock-in-trade" at 40 per cent. over market price, and victimised Barbour & Sons, he was brought up from Bridge Street with his head among his feet, like a half-bung rebel; and while ashamed to lift his eyes lest be should be mesmerised by those of a true Vernite, he plodded His way into the Radical camp and voted for Barbour, -his nett profit for the job for body soul and vote being £450 17 6!!
This worthy Methodist hurried home to PRAY OVER IT, and was heard pouring forth these beautiful words with a fervour, which he with greatest ease can utter--`I would rather be a doorkeeper in the house of the Lord than dwell in the tents of wickedness." Wretched hypocritel! He had to get £75 to lift a bill out of the bank in Lisburn, before he would vote for Colonel Hogg at last election.
42. SAMUEL McCONNELL- This little scoundrel, who turned
into a lathe, in his own shop, the 1000 bludgeons for Barbour', blackguards to
split the heads of Mr. Verner's friends, got £100 for his vote and villany. In
the evening, after the election was over, he quitely stole to Salem, got down on
his knees, and prayed over it, like his hypocrite neighbour Cordner. His own
sister-in-law and others who happened to be there, were disgusted with his
hypocrisy, knowing as they did, the full extent of his rascality but a few hours
before. He prayed away till language failed him, when at last he grew black in
the face and like a conscience-stricken criminal, cried aloud -"O mercy! merry!
mercy! Woe is me, for I am undone! O wretched man that I am!" He was carried
home on the backs of his friends David Carlisle and ranting, canting, hypocrite
Boyd. The unprincipled conduct of the latter at the last election of Hogg, is
not unknown to most of the people of Lisburn. When they reached Bridge Street,
and these two class-leaders sat down together, to count and laugh over tire
notes of which they had plundered poor Dougherty Barbour!
53 JAMES BOYD -£611 for vote.
66 JOHN McINTYRE- Cost Barbour £100 exclusive of £30, the amount of a decree under which he was arrested on the morning of the poll.
74 GEORGE BEATTIE -£100 for open house and vote.
85 JOHN BROWN -£80 for vote to buy a horse.
88 GEORGE GEOGHEGAN -£40 for vote.
89 JAMES A. GREEN-This old sinner promised faithfully to vote for Verner stating that, if he did otherwise, the very bones of his ancestors would rise up in judgement against him! He broke his promise, however, and voted for Barbour; and he is now repenting in sackcloth and ashes, sitting alone in the Bath chair at the four of his garden. Poor old man! the bones are rising against you!
94 TIMOTHY LOUGHLIN -£75 for vote, and killing Mr. Beatty.
98 HUGH McCALL-£500 for vote, and doing all the dirty work.
100 ROBERT REID - Promised to vote for Verner. vowing that Barbour's, PRINCIPLES did not please him; but finding that Barbour's, MONEY was flowing in abundance, be got on one of his usual drunken "Sprees" hired his house to the Barbourites, had numerous midnight revelries; and after the Doctor had delivered him, and the clergy had got him out of bed again, he got for his rooms, whiskey and vote, £135!! "Well done;" says Reid. "Barbour and the Butchers for ever!"
Alas, Reid! your PRINCIPLE is your POCKET. You may soon shut up shop altogether, and take another six weeks' drunken fit under the blankets, with a gallon of whiskey between your legs. Your money-making days are gone, never more to return.
121 WILLIAM NEILL (Stewart Hill)-£75 for his vote.
122 JOHN PHILLIPS- Got £40.
123 REV. EDWARD KELLY -£100 for vote, and masses for Old Charley's soul.
131 WILLIAM JOHNSTON -f40 from "Calcraft," of Bridge End.
132 JOHN LONG-Same amount from "Calcraft."
M,CANN'S patent cannon, now well proved to be superior to the "Armstrong gun," still continues to pour shot, shell, grape and canister into the ranks of the Radical camp. There is no doubt at all that his powerful artillery will keep up a constant heavy fire, till he shall not only silence every battery of the enemy, but shall blow up John Dougherty Barbour through the roof of St. Stephen's, and scatter his ashes to the winds.
APPENDIX (VOTED FOR VERNER)
' GEORGE BRIGGS - Although INNOCENT George gave his vote al last to Verner, it is well known that he (like his friend Davy) had previously DONE THE WORK for Barbour ON THE SLY, and he says he was OFFERED £200 for his services by one of Barbour's leaders; and some of these brave, jolly fellows have lately, while inhaling the pleasant fumes of a dozen tumblers of Tom McCreight's POISON, enjoyed a hearty laugh as they exclaimed - `Well Boys, poor Barbour paid dear for the roast, for £200 and nothing less, was canny George's price". But of course SOFT and SIMPLE George could not think of accepting such a tempting offer, so easily earned, and so seldom to be caught; and at once- while blushing like a young bride at the altar, with one of his naturally child-like smiles, a significant look, and a little nod of the head-he begged to be excused if he declined accepting such a handsome and valuable gift; he hoped that in doing so he did not offend Mr. Barbour's friend, and politely refused it! To be sure he did. "Well done", says George. `Hurra! hurra! hurra! "Verner for ever," but I'll put Barbour into Parliament!
"Oh Johnny, my darling! you kissed my own cosey wife,
And shoved my £200 down her we (sic) diddy-house".
** DAVID GRAHAM - This TRUE BLUE ORANGEMAN, but better known as "Calcraft," came out strong at once, and in the house of his friend Young, in Bridge Street, at eleven o'clock on a Saturday night, declared his LOYAL principles in good style, having first drowned his Orange colours in a tumbler of Sam's good brandy, his favourite beverage. Being primed and loaded, he then fired off, avowing himself a true Barbourite; that he would support Barbour as far as in his power; that it was the duty of every one to support him, no matter about his principles; that he would get him ten votes for every one of Verner's, who, he vowed, would be beaten by a large majority; that the present Government should be overturned, and Barbour sent to Parliament .
Having so far displayed his LOYALTY to the Protestant cause, his brother W. J. Wilson took him up warmly, and accused him of want of principle, and inconsistency as an Orangeman, and being a traitor to the cause he had been pretending to serve; and like a real true blue, defended the Protestant cause.
Davy could not any longer stand Wilson's fire, and took to his heels, through Sam's back door into the yard, attempting to climb over a shed and reach the graveyard by scaling the wall. However, he soon returned back, pale as death, and out of breath, giving unmistakeable evidence of having met the ghost of some departed one, whose repose in the tomb had been disturbed by the rattle of Davy's PRAYER-BOOK on his grave-being the well-thumbed PACK OF CARDS, which were exhibited at head-quarters. Orange Sam, or "no surrender," then came to his relief, and permitted his departure by another route, and he flew to Bridge-end in grief.
Having been so useful in procuring the return of his
radical favourite to Parliament, he boasted to his friend James Long that he
could sport £100 of Barbour's money, which he had for eight or ten days in his
pocket: but that as second thoughts were sometimes best, he had quietly handed
it to Robert Kennedy, a near friend of his own candidate, to keep for him till
after the investigations should be over at head-quarters, saying that he did not
care a farthing, should he only "get a hearing" so that he might swear himself
innocent of having any of Barbour's money. In this, however, he was doomed to be
disappointed; for Protestant McCann's never-failing artillery, which he brought
to bear on Davy, was too powerful. The battle was soon fought and the victory
won; and Davy's "prayer-book" sent off to the Royal Museum in London, no longer
to be allowed disturb the ashes of the departed saints.