PRICES LONG AGO
The following prices of commodities available in South Lisburn if changed
into modern currency provide real food for thought.
English Coal 16/- per ton
Black Soap 17/- per Firkin
Tanned Leather 6d per pound
New England Flour 12/- per hundredweight
Brandy and Rum 4/6 per Gallon
Oat Meal 6/- per hundredweight
Iron 15/- per hundredweight
Vinegar 1/6 per gallon
Green Tea 8/8 per pound
Rough Tallow 3/10 per stone
Candles 4/4 per dozen
Wheat 6/- per hundredweight
Hay 15/- per hundredweight
Sugar 9/- per pound
RURAL WAGES 1N 1915
Servant boys able to do all kinds of farm work were engaged for a period
of six months at a wage equivalent to 50p in modern currency per week.
Girls able to cook and do all domestic labour received the equivalent of
30p per week.
LIVESTOCK PRICES 1910
Ponies £12; Donkeys 15/-; Goats 2/6; Pigs £7; Hackney
Horses £30; Harness Horses £50.
Several centuries ago, about 4 miles south of Lisnagarvey - now called
Lisburn - a cluster of mean wattle houses sprawled a stone's throw from
the track that wound through the wooded countryside to Dublin: it was
called Cromlyn, which means 'The Crooked Glen'. The surrounding territory
was the stronghold of the Magenneses, hereditary Irish Chieftains, who
demanded, and doubtless received, allegiance from all those who scraped a
living from their small holdings.
Into this area, at the beginning of the 17th Century, rode Moyses Hill,
a Devon man, who had come to Ireland as an Officer in the army of Essex
which the first Elizabeth had sent to quell the turbulent O'Neills. After
the wars Moyses decided to remain and lived variously at Malone and
Hillhall, where he died in 1630. Finally the Hills settled near Cromlyn
and it was Peter, Moyse's son, who laid the foundation of what we now know
as the town of Hillsborough and who was responsible for The Fort being
erected at the same time.
From then onwards the family grew and prospered, becoming one of the
largest landowners in Ireland. In 1717 Trevor Hill was elevated to the
peerage and 1769 Wills Hill was created Marquis of Downshire, which title
the family holds to this day.
The Hills were benevolent landlords, liberal in outlook and men of
culture, and cared for their tenants well. They built schools and gave
generously of their land and wealth for the benefit of local inhabitants.
Thus, as well as building a Parish Church of singular grace and beauty
they also helped to establish the Presbyterian Church on the Northern
outskirts of the town, a Catholic Church at Reilly's Trench on the Moira
Road and a Friends' Meeting House in Park Street.
Long before the Hills were ever heard of there was a pre-Reformation
Church in Cromlyn-the ruins can still be seen in the grounds of
Hillsborough (formerly Government) House. Arthur Hill built a new Church
in 1636 on the present site but it stood for only 5 years before being
burnt down. The present Parish Church, a good example of Gothic Revival
architecture, was started in 1662. It has many outstanding features - a
stained glass window designed by Joshua Reynolds, a collection of
exquisite silver which visitors may see by arrangement, and two superb
organs. It was here that Sir Hamilton Harty learnt his skills as his
father William was Church Organist and the house in which they lived still
stands in Ballynahinch Street.
In 1662 Hillsborough became a Borough by Charter of Charles II and to
this day there is a Corporation Pew before which the great silver mace is
laid each Sunday. Charles II also made Arthur Hill the Hereditary
Constable of The Fort and gave him command of twenty warders with a daily
payment of sixpence each. Today tradition is kept alive by one warder who
still parades on ceremonial occasions in the scarlet and white uniform
worn by "The Castlemen".
The Fort adjoins the Church and has recently been restored by The
Historic Monuments Department. It used to guard the pass on the Dublin
Road and King William lodged there for several nights on his way to the
Boyne. Here he granted The Regium Donum-a gift of money-to the
Presbyterians, in recognition of their loyal support and a tablet set in
The Fort wall commemorates this act.
Another building of antiquity is the Court and Market House which
stands in the Square in front of Hillsborough House. The magnificent
wrought-iron gates of the latter were brought from their original position
at Rich Hill Castle.
Today many of the gracious Georgian buildings for which Wills Hill was
largely responsible can be seen in all their original elegance. It was
Wills who started to build the house at the top of the hill but he died in
1793 and never saw it completed. Before moving there the family lived in
what is now known as The Large Park though no trace of this house now
remains. The Park is now used by the Department of Agriculture and
Forestry and has been developed into a Forest Park with pleasant picnic
places and lakeside walks which is open to the public throughout the year.
In the 19th Century Hillsborough continued to flourish and boasted an
Assembly Room, a Reading Room where people could pursue the newspapers and
periodicals and a Coffee House. It also had a brewery built in 1800
opposite the Church, a distillery in nearby Culcavey and a railway opened
about 1863, so could not be said to have lacked in amenities. This then is
But what of its present and future?
The people who live there are justly proud of their heritage and while
keeping up with the times try to ensure that the inevitable march of
progress does not trample the essential charm and character of the town
underfoot. Some of the old houses have been turned into shops but these on
the whole incorporate the original architectural features and blend
happily into their surroundings. Tourists are well catered for by
up-to-date shops and can browse at their leisure in those selling
antiques, pottery, tweeds and elegant clothes. In 1971 the Old Shambles
was skilfully and lovingly converted into an Arts Centre which immediately
became a focal point for everyone interested in painting and sculpture.
Unfortunately because of the prevailing unrest it proved impossible to
mount subsequent exhibitions but the public can relish in anticipation the
resumption of activities there.
Some people will already know that 1975 has been designated as European
Architectural Heritage Year by The Council of Europe, and Hillsborough
feels honoured to have been selected as one of four Ulster projects for
this year. This means that it will be linked with 17 other countries in
Eastern and Western Europe in a concerted effort to awaken the interest of
European people in their common Architectural Heritage!
This is a big responsibility too, and already a great deal of detailed
work has been undertaken by a team of dedicated architects and planners.
They can accomplish only so much of course: the rest must be up to those
whose properties are involved. The results are already noticeable, thanks
to the ready co-operation of many house and shop owners. Take a walk up
Main Street some day and see how the best paints in the buildings have
been emphasised by subtle colour schemes and the uniform sheets of plate
and frosted glass have been replaced by doors and windows in the Georgian
style. The aim of Heritage Year is not to make the chosen areas into
Museum pieces but rather to conserve and re-adapt beautiful old buildings
so as to give them a living role in ordinary society.
It is easy to think of towns solely in terms of bricks and mortar and
these are important, of course. But the very essence of a town is its
people-this is what it's all about-and if European Architectural Heritage
Year 1975 can achieve only one thing, if it can encourage and teach the
ordinary man in the street to open his eyes and really notice his
environment, to assess whether he likes or dislikes what he sees and to
take steps to preserve it if he finds it pleasing, then we can rest
assured that the Hillsborough of the future, even though different will be
as good as the Hillsborough of the past and that our children's children
will take pride in knowing that they are a pant of it.
LOOKING INTO THE FUTURE
Future development will concentrate within the large settlements such as
Hillsborough and Ballynahinch and also within the Belfast Urban Area which
incorporates Lisburn. Indeed very substantial areas of land within the
Lisburn boundary at Ballymacross and Knockmore have been zoned for housing
and industry. Smaller settlements such as Ravarnette, Drumbo, Plantation
and Hillhall are designed to consolidate the existing village form by
allowing a limited amount of development. In Ravarnette two local housing
schemes comprising 44 houses were completed in 1957 and 1964 and lay-outs
for a further 56 houses have been recently granted planning approval. The
Northern Ireland Housing Executive expect that 15 of these new houses will
be built by 1976 with the remaining 41 completed by 1980. When this
housing construction is complete the total population of Ravarnette could
increase from the present level of 200 to approximately 480 persons. The
present planning Authority feel that pressures for further housing
development should be strongly resisted so that the existing village
character will be maintained.
A. J. PARSON,
(Planning Officer, Downpatrick).
RAVARNETTE PRIMARY SCHOOL
Mr. S. BELL
Mrs. M. V. STEENSON
Caretaker and Meals Supervisor
Mrs. K. HARRISON
Mrs. C. HAWTHORNE
RAVARNETTE PRIMARY SCHOOL Achievements
|Effie Kinkead has not
missed a day at school since she started nearly seven years ago and
has been awarded a special certificate for outstanding school
attendance by the South Eastern Education & Library Board.
|In a popularity contesi
George Long was voted the most popular boy and Vanessa Penney the
most popular girl in school.
|Seven pupils completed and
passed the Cycling Proficiency Test in school and were awarded
Certificates and Badges.
|£50 was raised at a
Grocery Sale held at the School in January.
|£15 was collected at the
school's Harvest Service for Lisburn Missionaries working with
|26 boys and girls are
members of the school's Swimming Club in Lisburn.
|Nearly £30 was collected
by the boys and girls of the school for the Cripples' Institute. We
wish to thank everyone who contributed and collected.
|The Art work produced by
the P6 and P7 classes to decorate the room for Harvest Service was
exhibited by the South Eastern Education & Library Board.
|Fruit, flowers and produce
from the school's Harvest Service was distributed among the elderly
of the district, Killowen Hospital and Manor House.
|Last year the senior
pupils visited Stirling Castle (where "Colditz" was filmed), and
|The school pupils have
collected over two tons of waste paper in two months for the
Ravarnette Waste Paper Factory and to raise school funds.
|The school pupils were
awarded a certificate of merit for their work in the Lisburn &
District Home Safety Competition.
|£4.70 was donated by the
school children for Christmas Seals for Spastics.
|The pupils raised £63 in a
Sponsored Swim at Lisburn Swimming Pool. Under 11's aimed at
swimming 100 metres whilst ever 11's aimed at 200 metres.
PLEASE LISTEN TO ME
|My name is Wendy and I am
four years old. I have a big doll. WENDY CARSON, PI
|When I go home I like to
read my reading book.WENDY ELLIOTT, P1
|I have a lorry and a
tractor but my trailer does not fit my lorry. ORVILLE HAWTHORNE, P1
|I have a toy tractor. I
like to drive it. PETER FRIARS, P1
|We sing a song in school
about a princess who went to sleep for a hundred years. LINDA
|On Wednesday night we had
a sale in school. My mummy bought jelly, and rice, and soup and
cream. The sale was in the dining-room and also in the master's
room. We had great fun. DARIN PENNEY, P3
|I like flowers, I like
P.E. and I like the Nature Table. I like sweets, lemonade and
ice-cream and I like chocolate. DEREK BOAL, P2
|I got a bike for Christmas
and there was a basket on the back of it. It is orange. Phillip got
a tractor and it is blue and red, and he got a clown with two faces
on it. We both got apples and oranges. MAXINE LEWIS, P2
|MY BIRTHDAY PARTY
|My birthday is to-day. I
am 6 years old. I get crisps and cakes and biscuits and drinks.
Sometimes we go out of the house and Mummy stays in the house to
tidy up.MORAG LAUDER, P2
|I jump in the water and
mummy plays with me. Daddy caught a fish and mummy cooked it and I
ate it. CAMERON FOWLER, P2
|THIS IS ME
|I play in the sitting room
with my Wendy House and my Walkie Talkie Doll. I have a puppet and a
book and toy speakers. I have a box of snakes and ladders. SARAH McFADDEN, P3
|Yesterday we were playing
football over at the car park. Joan and Nora and Neil. I got a goal
and Norman was Kung Fu and Drew was in nets and I fell and hurt my
back. DAVID McCAMMON, P3
|THE PEPPERPOT BOY
|If I shrank to the size of
a pepperpot and a cat chased me I would run into a mousehole. I
would trap the cat's tail with a mouse trap. That would be the end
of the cat ! ALAN BAXTER, P3
|ONE DARK NIGHT
|One dark night I was
walking in a forest all alone when I heard a strange noise. It was a
lion growling and I ran away. SARAH McFADDEN, P3
|If I lived in a castle I
would be a queen, and sit in a big gold chair. I would ask the cook
to make me a cake. I would have a woman to do the washing for me. I
would want her to make the bed for the king. I would give the king a
kiss before I went to bed. ISABEL RAFFERTY, P3
|God created the birds, the
sun and the animals,
He created the fish, the trees, the sun, the
moon and the stars
He created Adam and Eve and the creeping things.
MORAG LAUDER, P2
|I like to read,
And I like
I like to play,
And I like to paint,
I like to chalk,
I like to talk,
I like to run,
And I like to walk.
FIONA McVEIGH, P2
|My mummy works in the
kitchen. She makes the tea. She has long brown hair. Sometimes she
gives us lemonade and biscuits for supper. Sometimes she brings home
sweets for us. Mummy washes the clothes and keeps them clean. JILL
|I like to help my mummy. I
like to help make the dinner, wash the dishes and clean upstairs and
downstairs. ALAN BAXTER, P3
|THAT YOUNG MAN - AGAIN
|There was a young man
Who invented a bottomless mug,
He first tried it out
with a bottle of Stout,
And left a stain on the rug.
LESLEY KEERY, P4
|LORD OF THE HARVEST
||A HARVEST PRAYER
|We thank you Lord for sun
To send the harvest-time again;
The stocks of apples, red
and nuts, brown,
And all the food for all mankind.
|I thank you God for the
rain and sun, and snow,
I thank you God for all things that grow;
thank you God day by day,
To thank you God is what we pray
the harvest too.
FIONA LAUDER, P4
|THE BATTY BOOK CORNER
"Gun Fire !" by Rick O'Shea.
"The Unbelievable Story" by A. Mazed.
"Selling Flowers" by Marie Gold.
"Ann is cold" by Ivor Scarf.
"Famous Men" by Otto Graff.
"The Rich Man" by Ivor Lott.
"Flowers" by Daphne Dill.
"Chinese Telephones" by Winga Wong Numbah.
"Keep Fit" by Jim Nastics.
"My pants fell down" by Lucy Lastic.
"Chinese Trains" by Chu Chua Long.
"Christmas Songs" by A. Caroll.
"Making Tea" by T. Pott.
GEORGE LONG and HOWARD WALKER, P7
Cut the barley, gather the corn
Another harvest year is born;
The fruit, the flowers,
the corn, the grain,
It's all because of sun and rain.
Here come the farmers, tractors
Ready to harvest the field so small;
The fruit, the flowers, the corn, the grain,
It's all because of sun and rain.
Apples, oranges, grapes and pears
It's all the farmers around who cares;
The fruit, the flowers, the corn, the grain,
It's all because of sun and rain.
HOWARD WALKER, P7
MAN OF ALL
Daniel Lambert was born in Leicester on the 3rd April, 1770. He was
supposed to be the heaviest Englishman of all. He weighed over 330
kilos. He was the weight of three well built men. He became the
prison keeper of Leicester Prison. Then he went to London. He sat in
a big house and charged people one shilling to see him. He probably
could not go and see anybody else because he could not get through
their doors. He could not travel on anything like a coach or he
would break it. When he went to buy clothes they would cost him
three times as much as it cost anyone else. He had to get special
furniture made for himself. All his furniture and clothes can be
seen in Leicester Museum.GEORGE LONG, P7
Dwarfs are normally between 60 and 100 centimetres tall. In the 18th
Century they kept dwarfs for pets and jesters or jokers. Tom Thumb
was born as Charles Stratton in America. He was 92 centimetres tall
when he was fully grown. He joined Barnum's Circus and went to
England in 1844 with it. He married Lavinia Warren who was also a
dwarf but two centimetres taller than him. They had a son called
Commodore Nutt and he was also a dwarf. AMANDA WILLIAMSON, P6
Perhaps one day someone will find the Abominable Snowman called "The
Yeti." Reliable reports say that the Yeti has been seen in the
Himalayan Mountains. It is said that he looks like a huge grizzly
bear with a man's head. He is over two metres tall, covered with
reddish grey hair and walks upright.
|The abominable Snowman hides
Away where no-one must go,
For people have seen him,
And people have feared him,
And seen him go so slow.
His real name's the Yeti,
So fit and so strong,
His body's so big,
And his feet are so long.
HOWARD WALKER, P7
CERTIFICATE X GHOST STORY
Once upon a time there lived a very
happy family. They lived out in the country deep in the woods, which
were miles from anywhere. They always had to go down into a little
valley to get food for the winter. There were three children living
there, two boys and a girl. Their names were John, William and Jane.
One day their parents were out at a dinner in a big hotel. The
children thought they would surprise their parents by getting in the
winter's supply of food. So they got the money and set off for the
valley. The woods ran for about five miles. It was a long distance
away and it would soon be dark. There were rumours about ghosts and
scarey things like that but John, William and Jane never took any
notice of that. But ! Shivers alive ! and Stone the crows ! When
they were about half way through the woods they began to feel very
frightened because they heard (wait for it) a very loud scream. They
began to run faster and faster towards the little valley. While they
were running they kept seeing bats, skeletons and lots of other
scarey things. Suddenly, very suddenly (Oh no !), an absolutely
fiendish, furry creature with enormous horrible fangs grabbed Jane.
Whereupon it carried her off to a dark, slimy cave. The two boys saw
it put their sister over a red hot fire, mercilessly. Then it
started to eat her and threw the bones to the two remaining
Fearing the same fate the children ran on and when they reached
the village they went straight to the police station. They told what
had happened, and stayed at their grandmother's house that night.
Early next morning their father got nearly all the whole village
to come up to the cave with him. When they arrived at the hideous
cave they saw the devilish furry creature eating the last bit of
Jane's flesh. Jane's father ran at the ghoulish creature and tried
to kill it. But the flesh-eating creature swiped his head off. When
all the village people saw this, you can guess, they ran for their
lives. They never came back to the woods or the valley again.
Pleasant dreams ! ! !
GEORGE LONG, P7
A DESERT ISLAND
If I was cast away on a desert island and only allowed three things,
these are what I would choose. First I would take a stove, secondly
I would take plenty of food, and thirdly I would take a good supply
of books. With all these I would never be hungry and I could read to
pass away the time. But I would hope that I would not be there too
long. STANLEY HUTCHINSON, P5
(This is the result of an exhaustive investigation)
Everybody has 206 bones in their body. This is made up of 32 bones
in each arm, 31 bones in each leg, 29 bones in the skull, 26 bones
in the skull and 25 in the chest. When you were a baby you had more
bones then than you have now. You started off with 350 bones and
some of them joined together as you grew. The longest bone is in
your thigh and is a quarter or .25 of your height. The smallest bone
is called the stirrup bone in your ear and it is only 3 millimetres
long, about the length of a Capital Letter on this page. A horse has
205 bones. It has one less than a man.
LORRAINE FOWLER, P7
|TOP TEN TV
We made a survey in school to find out the top ten most popular
Television programmes. The result was as follows.
|1. Planet of the Apes
|2. Dick Emery Show
||7. The Generation Game
|3. Billy Liar
||8. The Aeronauts
|4. The Time Tunnel
||9. Six Million Dollar Man
||10. Kids from 47a
||KAREN BAXTER, P5
Letters on the numberplate of a car tell you where the car was first
registered. Each county has its own different letters. Here are a
few car registration letters and their counties:
And MN comes from the Isle of Man where the road tax is only £15 a
HOWARD WALKER, P7
Sometimes creatures that are extinct now can be seen in rocks that
have a line round them. If you open the stone round the line you
will find a fossil inside it. A fossil is a creature that is extinct
and has once been in the rock, and has left a mark where it has
been. Fossils can be other things than just animals. You usually
find fossils by a cliff or shore. If you look when you are at the
sea-side you might see a fossil.
EFFIE KINKEAD, P7
CHOICE OF WHICH WAY TO DIE
Flight Sergeant Nicholas Alkemade had a choice in which way to die.
His crew and he were just returning from Berlin on a raid on the
23rd March, 1944. Their plane was a Lancaster Bomber and it had just
been hit by shell fire from the German anti-tank or anti-air guns.
It was in flames and he had a choice in which way to die. He jumped
head first to his death but he never died nor even had a broken bone
because he landed in a fir tree. Then he fell onto a snow bank. Cut
and bruised he found he could walk. He is one of the luckiest men in
the world. He fell 5½
HOWARD WALKER, P7
TELLS HIS STORY
When I was fighting with the Spanish Armada we were chased right up
the English Channel. When we sailed round Scotland we dropped into
one of the Scottish harbours to take on fresh food and water. We
stayed a few days in Scotland. Then we heard that the English ships
were catching up on us. So we got all our food and water and set off
once more. We did not know then that that would be our last journey.
That was in 1588. We were sailing down the Irish coast when we were
caught up in an even worse storm than before. The ship was swept
against the jagged rocks. All I can remember was lying on the beach
near Dunluce. There were only five of us saved out of several
hundred. One of my best friends was drowned. The captain was drowned
JONATHAN HALL, P7
AND THE POUND NOTE
One night three men went to this house. Two of the men stayed out
and one went in. He saw a pound note sitting on the table and he
went to lift it. Just then a voice came and said, "I'm the ghost of
Cain and Abel, that pound stays on the table". He ran out and
another came in. He went to lift the pound note when the voice came
again, "I'm the ghost of Cain and Abel, that pound note stays on the
table." He ran out and the other one came in. He went to lift the
pound note when the voice said, "I'm the ghost of Cain and Abel,
that pound note stays on the table." Then the man said, "And I'm the
ghost of Davy Crockett, that pound note goes in my pocket."
HOWARD WALKER, P7
The Q.E.2 can carry 1,870 passengers and 960 of a crew. It has a
library, a theatre, a cinema, and a swimming pool. It cost
£30,000,000, and it took two years to build. The ship was built on
the 20th September 1967. It is 963 feet long and is the largest ship
to use the Panama Canal. Queen Elizabeth launched the ship. The QE2
travels at 28½ knots and has
twin propellors. It is a luxury liner and has 22 unsinkable
lifeboats. GARY WALKER, P6
I went to a small country school in the village where I live. It was
a very old school averaging about sixty pupils and two teachers. It
consisted of two classrooms and a dining room.
When we broke up in June for our summer holidays I felt very sad
because it was my last day at primary school, although I was looking
forward to starting my Secondary school.
The day soon came to start my new school and I set off down to the
bus stop full of enthusiasm. As we came nearer to the school I began
to feel nervous, for it was a large school with lots of classrooms
and teachers and I was afraid of getting lost.
I was not long there until my fears became very real. I had to move
around so much and I got lost so many times. I began to feel
confused and thought I was not going to like it. However after the
first day I soon got into the way of things, such as changing
classrooms for each subject, keeping to timetables and rushing out
to find the right bus home.
At Secondary school I really enjoy netball and especially
gymnastics. In gymnastics we get climbing on the wall bars, the rope
ladder and have fun on the trapeze. The smaller schools miss an
awful lot by not having these facilities. Perhaps some day the
smaller schools will have these privileges too.